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RULES OF ROULETTE

roulette

Roulette means “Little wheel” in French. It is without a doubt one of the most popular table games in any casino worldwide. It consists of a large wheel featuring 38 equally spaced divisions that are numbered from 1 – 36, and with a ‘0’ and a ‘00’ at opposing ends. A marble ball is used for play and there is a table for placing your bets printed on the felt table.

The numbers on the wheel are rotated in pairs of odd and even numbers. There is also an alternation between the colors red and black. Only the ‘0’ and the ‘00’ boast the color green. The betting chart, printed on the table, is arranged in a three columned, twelve-numbered grid. The numbers are placed in sequential order, with their squares either black or red, corresponding with their respective colors on the wheel.

 

THE OBJECTIVE OF THE GAME

The objective of the game is to determine on which number and/or color the ball will finally land.

The players bet against the House by placing their wagers on the betting chart. Then the wheel is given a strong spin. Keep in mind that the ball is not dropped on the spinning wheel until the total amount wagered goes beyond the minimum. The ball is placed on the upper outer rim of the wheel, where it simply goes round and round until it loses its force and drops down into one of the wheel’s numbered pockets.


THE PAYOUTS IN ROULETTE

Roulette features a variety of Inside and/or Outside Bets. Always remember to review the betting minimums and maximums at each table and with each game. You can combine all the different kinds of bets at any time, and there are no limits placed on the number of wagers. After the game, the losing bets are removed from the table and the payouts are made to the winners.


The different kinds of bets and their respective payouts are listed as follows:


INSIDE BETS OUTSIDE BETS

a Even Money Bets (1 to 1)

a Straight Bet (35 to 1)

i. Any Red or Black Bet

b Split Bet, or Two Number Bet (17 to 1) ii. Any Number or High Number Bet

c Street Bet, or Three Number Bet (11 to 1) iii. Any Odd or Even Bet

d Corner Bet (8 to 1) b Column Bet (2 to 1)

e Five Number Bet (6 to 1) c Dozen Bet (2 to 1)

f Line Bet, or Six Line Bet (6 to 1) d Zero and Double Zero Bet (35 to 1)


THE DIFFERENT KINDS OF ROULETTE BETS

In the game of Roulette, you can combine as many different bets as you want. There is no limit on wagers. After the winning number has been selected, all losing bets are eliminated from the table.

Paybacks are then made to the winners.


THE PAYBACK

The paybacks on the Inside Bets are as follows:


1. Straight Bet: With a Straight Bet you wager on any particular number, either 1 – 36, ‘0’, or ‘00’.

You make the bet by placing the chip or chips in the center of the number’s square on the Betting Table. If the number you have chosen ends up being the winner, then the payback is 35 a 1. In other words, if you bet US$5.00, you win your US$5.00 bet back, plus US$175.00 (35 x 5).

2. Split Bet, or Two Number Bet: To make this bet you must place your chip or chips right on the line separating the two numbers. If the marble ball lands on one of these two numbers you win. The payback is 17 to 1.

3. Street Bet, or Three Number Bet: This bet allows you to wager on the three numbers in a column at the same time. All you have to do is place your chip(s) on the exterior line of the column that interests you. Should the ball land in one of these pockets, you are a winner. The payback is 11 to 1.

4. Corner Bet: To make this wager, you simply have to place your chip(s) in the center of the four numbers. If one of these numbers ends up winning the payback is 8 to 1.

5. Five Number Bet: The only five number bet you can make is with the numbers ‘0’, ‘00’, 1, 2 y 3.

Place your chip or chips on the exterior line dividing the numbers ‘0’ y 1. If one of these five numbers is the winner, the payback is 6 to 1. In other words, if you wager US$5.00 you win an additional US$30.00 along with your original US$5.00 bet.

6. Line Bet, or Six Line Bet: This Bet allows the player to wager on two columns of three numbers each. Just place your chip(s) between the exterior lines of the last number of each column. If the ball falls into one of the six corresponding pockets, you win with a payback of 6 to 1.


The External Bet paybacks are as follows:


1. Even-Money Bets: These wagers pay 1 to 1.

a. Any Red or Black Bet: In this case, you bet on one of the colors, red, or black. Simply place your chip(s) in the red or black spot.

b. Any Number or High Number Bet: This bet allows the player the opportunity to bet on an entire 18-number group. You need only place your chip or chips on the spot corresponding the group (1-18 or 19-36). You lose if either the ‘0’ or ‘00’ ends up the winner.

c. Any Even or Odd Bet: With this bet you wager on the winning number being either an even number or an odd number. You lose if either the ‘0’ or ‘00’ ends up the winner.

2. Column Bet: This bet lets you wager on one of the three long rows of the Betting Table. You simply place your chip(s) in the corresponding spot for each row. These spots are shown on the table with a payback of 2 to 1.

3. Dozen Bet: This bet divides the Roulette Betting Table into three distinct parts, or number groups – 1 to 12, 13 to 24, and 25 to 36. You can bet in favor of one of these groups by placing your chip or chips on one of the following spots on the table: 1st 12 (1 – 12), 2nd 12 (13 – 24), or 3rd 12 (25 – 36). The payback is 2 to 1.

4. Zero and Double Zero Bet: This bet lets you wager on either the ‘0’ or the ‘00’ by placing your chip(s) on one of the corresponding spots on the Betting Table. The payback is 35 to 1.


A BRIEF HISTORY OF ROULETTE

For more than 300 years now, people have continually found themselves mesmerized by the whitemarble ball going round and round the outer edge, with the spinning wheel a whirl of black, red and green colors. It is practically a definition of life itself, with the immutable laws of physics reigning our gaming universe. As in life, everything is nonetheless left up to fate.


THE ORIGIN OF ROULETTE

Though there is no certainty regarding the origins and eventual development of the game of Roulette, it is thought to be as old as the wheel itself. In fact, there exist accounts of ancient Roman soldiers frequently using their chariot wheels for games of diversion.

The word “roulette” is itself a word of French origin meaning “little wheel.” The roulette wheel was apparently first seen during the late 17th century in Europe. It is even thought that French scientist and noted mathematician, Blaise Pascal, is the man responsible for the invention. According to historians, Pascal invented the mechanism in 1657 during his experiments in perpetual motion.

Keep in mind, also, that Pascal pioneered the field of mathematical “probability”.


THE MODERN ROULETTE

The modern roulette wheel began appearing in Paris casinos around 1796. The familiar elements were already there – alternating red and black colors, the numbered layout of pockets 1 – 36, ‘0,’ and ‘00’. The ‘0’ was actually red in color and the ‘00’ black, and the rules were the same. Eventually these colors would be changed to green to avoid further confusion on color bets.

Roulette was introduced to the United States of America in the 1800’s, by way of the many Europeans found in the Louisiana city of New Orleans. However, due to the excessive greed on the part of certain gaming establishment proprietors, who were not content with a 5.26% edge, people soon stopped playing roulette, particularly those roulette wheels which these enterprising businesspersons had reduced to just 31 pockets in order to benefit a staggering 12.90% advantage.

Of course, people ended up only playing the original double zero wheels.


FRANCOIS AND LOUIS BLANC

Roulette’s history changed dramatically when two innovative brothers from France, Francois and Louis Blanc, introduced the very first single zero roulette wheel in 1842. The single ‘0’ wheel completely changed everything about the game, particularly the House’s edge, which was now reduced from 5.26% to a 2.70%. The game became a smashing success.

Gambling was illegal in France at the time, so the two enterprising brothers set up a house in Bavaria and enjoyed huge success. When gambling was eventually banned from Germany, Louis Blanc accepted an invitation from the Prince of Monaco, Charles III, to visit Monte Carlo to establish and operate the casino that today sets the casino standards for everyone across Europe.


BRITISH SINGLE AND DOUBLE AMERICAN

Although both the double zero and the single zero versions of the wheel were invented in France, the double zero wheel has come to be known as the American Wheel, since, contrary to its fate in Europe, it has survived in the United States.

The single zero version has maintained itself as the European favorite, and has come to be known as the French Wheel. Other European nations have adopted the single zero version as their own. For example, there is the “British Single” Roulette.

 

THE MATHEMATICS OF ROULETTE

THE POPULARITY OF ROULETTE

The game of Roulette presents itself as a somewhat strange case among casino games. One of the games most closely identified with everything that is elegant, classy, and has to do with the “good life,” it is nonetheless one of the least popular games in North American casinos. This is, of course, due to one very simple reason – the greediness of the gaming house proprietors of years ago, when French immigrants brought over the game from Europe.

The game originated in Europe, but when it was introduced to North America by way of New Orleans, Louisiana, some greedy casino operator added the double zero to the wheel to further improve the House odds in the game. This actually gave the wheel 38 numbers, contrary to the 37 original numbers. As a result, the percentage in favor of the House practically doubled. Afterwards, with the complete elimination of the “En Prison” option, the game of Roulette became one of great disadvantage for the player.

PERCENTAGES, PAYBACKS, ADVANTAGES, AND DISADVANTAGES

In truth, the mathematics of the game of Roulette is surprisingly simple, especially if you happen to have a calculator handy. If the Roulette wheel has 38 numbers and only one can be a winner with each spin, then the probabilities of you choosing the winning number is 1 in 38, or 37 to 1.

Of course, the player is not actually paid 38 to 1 on the bet, but 36 to 1. This means that the player’s chances of winning have actually been reduced before a bet has even been placed, since the House enjoys a 5.26% edge.

Even with the Even and Odd bets, the Street Bets, and the Column Bets, the House continues to enjoy an advantage of 5.26%. There is only one bet that does not give the House this advantage – the ‘0’, ‘00’, 1, 2, and 3. This bet, on the other hand, gives the House a 7.9% advantage.

A SINGLE ZERO

The European Roulette has its definite advantages, which help to explain the popularity of the game in Europe. The European wheel only features one zero, so the probabilities are 1 in 37, which is equivalent to 2.70% for all bets.

THE “EN PRISON” RULE

European Roulette also gives the player the advantage of the “En Prison” rule. If the player has an even money bet going and zero ends up the winner, then the bet cannot be touched nor moved. Thus, it is “en prison”, or, imprisoned.

The bet is then decided with the next spin of the wheel. If the bet is in favor of black and the winner is black, then the bet is returned to the player. If red is the winner then the bet is lost.

This effectively reduces the House’s advantage by half, to 1.35%.

 

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